About MBBS in CHINA
- China, an ancient, mysterious and beautiful land, is always appealing to adventurous foreign visitors.
- As the third largest country in the world occupying an area of 9,600,000 sq km, it spans 62 degrees of longitude and 49 degrees of latitude.
- A wide variety of terrain and climate shape its numerous natural attractions.
- Abundant in a variety of resources, plants, animals, and minerals, the land has nurtured countless generations of Chinese people.
- One of China's greatest treasures is her long, rich history. As early as 1.7 million years ago, the earliest humans evolved on this land. The first dynasty, the Xia Dynasty, dates to about the 21st century BC. For 4,000 years, feudalism was the dominant economic and cultural model.
- Then, in 1911, the revolution led by Sun Yat-sen brought the monarchy to an end. On October 1st, 1949, PRC was founded, fully named the 'People's Republic of China'.
- Since then, this country has developed independently and vigorously.
- Most recently, reform and opening-up policy has energized life in this country.
- China is proud of her many people, long history, resplendent culture and distinctive customs.
- Among her greatest gifts to the world are the 'four great inventions' (paper, gunpowder, printing and the compass) .
- Chinese arts and crafts, including painting, calligraphy, operas, embroidery and silk are distinctive and unique. Martial arts, which have only recently begun to enjoy popularity in other parts of the world have been part of Chinese culture for centuries.
Full Name: The People's Republic of China
Area: 9,600,000 sq km
Population: 1.3 billion (as of 2004)
Capital City: Beijing
National Flag: Five-Stars-Red-Flag
Location: middle and East Asia, bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean
Territorial Seas: the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea
Climate: mainly continental monsoon climate (Tibet: vertical climate zone)
People: Han Chinese (93.3%), plus 55 ethnic groups like Miao, Li, Mongolian
Language: Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) based on Beijing dialect, plus local dialects
Main Religions and Beliefs: officially atheist, Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam (over 22 million), Catholicism (over 4 million) and Protestantism (over 10 million)
Currency and Monetary Unit : Renminbi/Yuan
Form of Government: system of National People's Congress
Administrative Demarcations: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions
Chinese President: Hu Jintao
- Located in Southeast Asia along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada.
- With an area of 9.6 million square kilometers and a coastline of 18,000 kilometers, its shape on the map is like a rooster.
- It reaches Mohe in Heilongjiang Province as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha (or James Shoal) to the south, Pamirs to the west, and expands to the eastern border at the conjunction of the Heilongjiang (Amur) River and the Wusuli (Ussuri) River, spanning about 50 degrees of latitude and 62 degrees of longitude.
- China is bordered by 14 countries -- Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakstan, Mongolia, and Russia.
- Marine-side neighbors include eight countries -- North Korea, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.
- In China, a vast land spanning many degrees of latitude with complicated terrain, climate varies radically. China has a variety of temperature and rainfall zones, including continental monsoon areas. In winter most areas become cold and dry, in summer hot and rainy.
Five Temperature Zones
- Temperatures vary a great deal.
- Influenced by latitude and monsoon activities, in winter, an isotherm of zero degrees traverses the Huaihe River-Qinling Mountain-southeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
- Areas north of the isotherm have temperatures below zero degrees and south of it, above zero.
- Mohe in Heilongjiang can hit an average of 30 degrees centigrade below zero, while the temperature of Sanya in Hainan Province is above 20 degrees.
- In summer, most of areas are above 20 degrees centigrade despite the high Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and other mountains such as Tianshan.
- Among these hot places, Turpan Basin in Xinjiang is the center for intense heat at 32 centigrade on average.
Cold-Temperate Zone: north part of Heilongjiang Province and Inner Mongolia (Representative city: Harbin)
Mid-Temperate Zone: Jilin, northern Xinjiang, and most of Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Inner Mongolia (Representative cities: Beijing, Shenyang, Dalian, Urumqi, Hohhot, Dunhuang, Lanzhou)
Warm-Temperate Zone: area of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Hebei Province (Representative cities: Xian, Taiyuan, Luoyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Zhengzhou)
Subtropical Zone: South of isotherm of Qinling Mountain-Huaihe River, east of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative cities: Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau, Guilin, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Chengdu)
Tropical Zone: Hainan province, southern Taiwan, Guangdong, and Yunnan Province (Representative cities: Haikou, Sanya)
Plateau Climate Zone: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative city: Lhasa)
- China's socialist market economy is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP, and the world's second largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the IMF; the accuracy of the IMF's report on China's purchasing power parity has since been questioned.
- It is the world's fastest-growing major economy, with growth rates averaging 10% over the past 30 years.
- Due to historical and political facts of China's developing economy, China's public sector accounts for more share in the national economy with the burgeoning private sector
- China is a global hub for manufacturing, and is the largest manufacturing economy in the world as well as the largest exporter of goods in the world.
- China is also the world's fastest growing consumer market and second largest importer of goods.
- China is a net importer of services products.
- China is the largest trading nation in the world and plays a vital role in international trade, and has increasingly engaged in trade organizations and treaties in recent years.
- China became a member of the World Trade Organization in 2001.
- China also has free trade agreements with several nations, including China–Australia Free Trade Agreement, China–South Korea Free Trade Agreement, ASEAN–China Free Trade Area, Switzerland and Pakistan.
- On a per capita income basis, China ranked 77th by nominal GDP and 89th by GDP (PPP) in 2014, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The provinces in the coastal regions of China tend to be more industrialized, while regions in the hinterland are less developed. As China's economic importance has grown, so has attention to the structure and health of the economy.